Photography is often regarded as the art and science and it includes lighting, composition, and exposure. The right balance of all these things can make the photograph look perfect. The structural elements of light can improve the photographic skill to a great extent. One should keep in mind that light quality is never-ending and changes at all times, yet once acceptable and recognized, its variables are fascinating. Professional photographers have the unique opportunity to control light and consequently they share original concepts, stories, and unique ideas.
Charles Nucci points out the types of light that are used in photography
Lights can be available in various forms such as natural light, artificial or studio light and ultimately a combination of natural and artificial light. Charles Nucci has been in the field of professional photography for more than fifteen years. He specially focuses on product, advertising, and editorial photography and is also the member at American Society of Media Photographers and the Photographic Artists.
He is based out of San Francisco area and explains the role of light in photography:
- When the light source faces directly at the front of the subject it is known as flat lighting. This lighting ensures that the face of the subject is illuminated in a perfect manner and that there are no shadows along their face.
- Atmospheric conditions can make the image all the more fascinating as light passes through the particles. For instance, early morning makes some of the most delicate photographable compositions. On the other hand, in the early afternoon, some of the most remarkable front lighting can be achieved and can be used to create an amazing portrait.
- To create shadow backlighting is often used. A moderate shutter speed and aperture are used to take such snaps, along with a quicker ISO speed.
- Short light is the reverse of broad light in which the shadow falls on the side of the face next to the camera. This type of light works perfectly on thin face and is pleasing on most people. One thing to keep in mind is that shadows can conceal imperfections while broad can help to emphasize freckles, and can also highlight imperfections such as acne and scars.
- In order to photograph a fast moving subject along with the intricate details, flash is used by the professionals. Flash is ideal for such scenario and can be a thrilling way to draw the viewer with an adrenaline filled viewpoint.
- Soft light minimizes contrast and reduces shadows and is excellent for macro, portraiture, and nature photography. On the other hand, hard light is quite direct and can often be powerful in brightness.
Charles Nucci also says that there is the combination of all of these types of lighting and there is no such hard and fast rule that states one will have to photograph with just one form of lighting. Remember that creatively lighting the subject is an essential part of the photographic process.